This refers to the standard problem of the scope of the applicable items of the markup, which mostly occurs in printing, especially binding. Does the generous bonus in the printing pricing project apply to those projects according to the standard? Publishing or commissioning units and printing companies often hold their own terms. Some publishing or commissioning units do not give a large addition to the printing version. In fact, the area of ​​the graphic product of the general product is generally larger than that of the positive product. The chemical liquid used in the development, fixing, and washing of the printing process The time is longer than the positive product, so according to the standard, the printing project should be given a large bonus. Similarly, the white oil should also be given a large bonus. Because the amount of white oil used must be more than positive.

So, should running away give a generous bonus?

In the actual printing process, no work is performed on the runaway cylinder, so the runaway project should not be given a large bonus.

One is the setting of the short version bonus project, because according to the actual production, the production of short version products is lower than that of long version products, so compensation should be given.

The second is the scope of the short version bonus. Ten Table? Book and Book Binding Instructions Article 12 states: This method applies to all book and book binding. The original intention of this article is that the short version addition is not only applicable to ten tables? Book binding and color inserts, but also applies to eleven tables? Book binding parts. Because the parts are an integral part of the whole book, it is impossible for the whole book operation to be 6,000 volumes, and the parts operations have become 60,000 volumes. Since they are also short-form operations, the short-term markup fee should also be charged according to the standard.

Some publishing or commissioning units only give the items in Table 10 and bonuses for color inserts, which do not meet the standards. The understanding of the standard should be: all the work items related to paper should be included. Except for the item of encapsulation in Table 11, it should be included. The generous bonus standard is not only applicable to ten tables? Book binding and color insertion, but also applicable to eleven tables? Book binding parts. Because parts are an integral part of the book. The price increase standard for the cover of pressed plastic film shall be implemented. In the case of making a hardcover cover item, the price should be increased. In the production and work practice, the majority of managers gradually realized that in order to prevent the binding of mantissas, especially short-run products with a small number of copies, a basic absolute number must be added as a minimum. This number is generally set to at least 30 volumes. If more than 30 volumes are calculated according to the addition and release ratio, they should be executed according to the calculation results.

With the advancement of science and technology, printing equipment and materials are constantly updated, new processing methods and processes are constantly emerging. In production practice, each type of processing requires a certain percentage of scrap rate, so a certain number of additions must be given. Moreover, there is a kind of processing and there is a kind of addition number. For example, when performing three kinds of processing on the same processing object, it is necessary to add three addition numbers. Both the Venezuelan printing unit and the printing plant shall reach consensus on the above principles. As for the specific ratio or data, both parties should carry out trial operation based on the actual invalid data, and then revise the current standards based on the trial operation results.

The ambiguity in this area affects the pricing of printing and printing projects. Two concepts need to be clarified here, namely, the concept of publishing printed sheets and bound printed sheets. The first is to publish printed sheets, that is, the number of printed sheets we have seen on the copyright page of the book, such as 1.125 / 1.25 / 1.375 / 1.5 / 10.75 / 0.875, etc. Any part less than 1 is collectively referred to as a zero-print sheet. The second is to install the (upper) version of the printed sheet, which means that the printing machine has installed several editions. The number of zero-printed copies of the edition can only be greater than the number of zero-printed copies of the publication. For example, 0.5 / 0.125 / 0.25 and other zero-printed sheets are respectively one set-up printing sheet, and 0.375 / 0.625 / 0.75 must be divided into 0.125 + 0.25 / 0.125 + 0.5 / 0.25 + 0.5 for two-packed printing, so they are two printed sheets. . 0.875 must be divided into 0.125 + 0.25 + 0.5 three-time version, so it is three-page version. The difference between these two concepts is directly related to the number of printing plates and the number of printing times (sets) in the calculation of the printing price, especially for the pricing of the minimum number of printed products. When publishing or commissioning units priced, some of them only rounded up the zero-print sheets, which was inconsistent with the standards stipulated in the price list and did not meet the actual production conditions.

Suppose the published zero-print sheet of a book is 0.875, the number of copies is 16000, and the two-sided offset printing is monochrome.

a. When the price is calculated according to the standard, 0.87 5 shall be divided into 0.5 / 0.25 / 0.125 and the three printing plates shall be priced separately. Set 10 yuan for each pair of thousands of printings, 70 yuan for each color of each pair, and the minimum number is 5000. Then there are: printing fee = 70 yuan × 2 (color) × 3 (printed version) = 420 yuan . The printing fee for 0.5 printed sheets A = 10 yuan × 16000/1000 × 0.5 (printed sheets) × 2 (color) = 160 yuan. The actual number of prints for the two plate-mount printings of 0.25 and 0.125 printed sheets is lower than 5000, that is, priced at 5000. Printing fee = 10 yuan × 5000/1000 × 2 (color) (two-time plate printing) = 200 yuan. The price of zero-printed sheets of this product = 420 + 160 + 200 = 780 yuan.

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